Change only occurs in the present. When individuals have a better understanding of their respective diseases and the treatment options they are more likely to undertake sometimes difficult treatments. Educational information is a key component in this process along with cognitive behavioural treatment interventions for both insomnia and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). These programs will be discussed in detail in conjunction with the acknowledgement of individual responses to treatment for a variety of reasons. Current research projects will also be explored and how we as clinicians and researchers are working to having a better understanding of how some individuals are very vulnerable to the effects of a disease whilst others have more resilience.